When the Bayh-Dole Act was passed in 1980, it included a provision that identified 21 statutes over which the Act would take precedence. I have reordered them according to dates they appear to have been enacted, and provided some details of the referenced statutes.
35 U.S.C. 210 Precedence of chapter.
(a) This chapter shall take precedence over any other Act which would require a disposition of rights in subject inventions of small business firms or nonprofit organizations contractors in a manner that is inconsistent with this chapter, including but not necessarily limited to the following:
1944 (13) section 3 of the Act of April 5, 1944 (30 U.S.C. 323; 58 Stat. 191);
1946 (1) section 10(a) of the Act of June 29, 1935, as added by title I of the Act of August 14, 1946 (7 U.S.C. 427i(a); 60 Stat. 1085);
1946 (2) section 205(a) of the Act of August 14, 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1624(a); 60 Stat. 1090);
1950 (5) section 12 of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1871(a); 82 Stat. 360);
1954 (6) section 152 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2182; 68 Stat. 943);
1958 (7) section 305 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2457);
1960 (8) section 6 of the Coal Research Development Act of 1960 (30 U.S.C. 666; 74 Stat. 337);
1960 (9) section 4 of the Helium Act Amendments of 1960 (50 U.S.C. 167b; 74 Stat. 920);
1961 (10) section 32 of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2572; 75 Stat. 634);
1961 (15) section 219 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2179; 83 Stat. 806);
1966 (4) section 30168(e) of title 49;
1972 (12) section 5(d) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2054(d); 86 Stat. 1211);
1974 (11) section 9 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5908; 88 Stat. 1878);
1974 (18) section 21(d) of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 2218(d); 88 Stat. 1548);
1976 (14) section 8001(c)(3) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6981(c); 90 Stat. 2829);
1977 (16) section 427(b) of the Federal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 937(b); 86 Stat. 155);
1977 (17) section 306(d) of the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1226(d); 91 Stat. 455);
1977 (3) section 501(c) of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 951(c); 83 Stat. 742);
1978 (19) section 6(b) of the Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research Development and Demonstration Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5585(b); 92 Stat. 2516);
1978 (20) section 12 of the Native Latex Commercialization and Economic Development Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 178j; 92 Stat. 2533);
1978 (21) section 408 of the Water Resources and Development Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7879; 92 Stat. 1360).
Synthetic liquid fuel demonstration plants – 30 U.S.C. 323
This section of the US Code has been omitted, but was based upon Acts Apr. 5, 1944; Mar. 15, 1948; Sept. 22, 1950.
Section 321, authorized the Secretary of the Interior for not more than eleven years to construct, maintain, and operate plants producing synthetic liquid fuel from coal, oil shale, agricultural and forestry products and prescribed the size of the plants and amount of production. Section 322 authorized laboratory research and development, acquisition by purchase of license of secret processes, inventions, and contracting for personnel, and cooperation with other Federal and State agencies. Section 323 related to licenses and patent rights.
Agriculture – 7 U.S.C. § 427i – Agricultural research; authorization of additional appropriations; administrative expenses; availability of special research fund
(a)(6) Any contracts made pursuant to this authority shall contain requirements making the results of research and investigations available to the public through dedication, assignment to the Government, or such other means as the Secretary shall determine.
Distribution and marketing of agricultural products – 7 U.S.C. § 1624 : Cooperation with Government and State agencies, private research organizations, etc.; rules and regulations
Any contract made pursuant to this section shall contain requirements making the result of such research and investigations available to the public by such means as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine.
National Science Foundation – 42 USC 1871: Disposition of inventions produced under contracts or other arrangements
Each contract or other arrangement executed pursuant to this chapter which relates to scientific or engineering research shall contain provisions governing the disposition of inventions produced thereunder in a manner calculated to protect the public interest and the equities of the individual or organization with which the contract or other arrangement is executed: Provided, however, That nothing in this chapter shall be construed to authorize the Foundation to enter into any contractual or other arrangement inconsistent with any provision of law affecting the issuance or use of patents.
Atomic energy – 42 U.S.C. § 2182 : Inventions conceived during Commission contracts; ownership; waiver; hearings
Any invention or discovery, useful in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or atomic energy, made or conceived in the course of or under any contract, subcontract, or arrangement entered into with or for the benefit of the Commission, regardless of whether the contract, subcontract, or arrangement involved the expenditure of funds by the Commission, shall be vested in, and be the property of, the Commission, except that the Commission may waive its claim to any such invention or discovery under such circumstances as the Commission may deem appropriate, consistent with the policy of this section. . . .
National space program – 42 U.S.C. § 2457 : Property rights in inventions
The provisions in 42 USC 2457 are extensive, and include this provision (among several others):
(f) Waiver of rights to inventions; Inventions and Contributions Board
Under such regulations in conformity with this subsection as the Administrator shall prescribe, he may waive all or any part of the rights of the United States under this section with respect to any invention or class of inventions made or which may be made by any person or class of persons in the performance of any work required by any contract of the Administration if the Administrator determines that the interests of the United States will be served thereby. Any such waiver may be made upon such terms and under such conditions as the Administrator shall determine to be required for the protection of the interests of the United States. Each such waiver made with respect to any invention shall be subject to the reservation by the Administrator of an irrevocable, nonexclusive, nontransferable, royalty-free license for the practice of such invention throughout the world by or on behalf of the United States or any foreign government pursuant to any treaty or agreement with the United States. Each proposal for any waiver under this subsection shall be referred to an Inventions and Contributions Board which shall be established by the Administrator within the Administration. . Such Board shall accord to each interested party an opportunity for hearing, and shall transmit to the Administrator its findings of fact with respect to such proposal and its recommendations for action to be taken with respect thereto.
Coal research and development – 30 U.S.C. § 666 : Public-availability requirement; national defense; patent agreements
No research shall be carried out, contracted for, sponsored, cosponsored, or authorized under authority of this chapter, unless all information, uses, products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from such research will (with such exceptions and limitations, if any, as the Secretary may find to be necessary in the interest of national defense) be available to the general public. Whenever in the estimation of the Secretary the purposes of this chapter would be furthered through the use of patented processes or equipment, the Secretary is authorized to enter into such agreements as he deems necessary for the acquisition or use of such patents on reasonable terms and conditions.
Helium Gas – 50 U.S.C. § 167b : Storage, transportation, and withdrawal of crude helium
1996 – Pub. L. 104-273 amended this section substantically. Prior to the 1996 amendment, the section consisted of single paragraph authorizing the Secretary to maintain and operate helium production and purification plants and to conduct or contract for research as to helium production, purification, transportation, liquefaction, storage, and utilization.
Arms control and disarmament – 22 U.S.C. § 2572: Patents; availability to general public; protection of background rights
All research within the United States contracted for, sponsored, cosponsored, or authorized under authority of this chapter, shall be provided for in such manner that all information as to uses, products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from such research developed by Government expenditure will (with such exceptions and limitations, if any, as the Secretary of State may find to be necessary in the public interest) be available to the general public. This section shall not be so construed as to deprive the owner of any background patent relating thereto of such rights as he may have thereunder.
American schools and hospitals abroad; prototype desalting plants – 22 U.S.C. § 2179 : Prototype desalting plant
(b) Terms and conditions
Any agreement entered into under subsection (a) of this section shall include such terms and conditions as the President deems appropriate to insure, among other things, that all information, products, uses, processes, patents, and other developments obtained or utilized in the development of this prototype plant will be available without further cost to the United States for the use and benefit of the United States throughout the world, and to insure that the United States, its officers, and employees have a permanent right to review data and have access to such plant for the purpose of observing its operations and improving science and technology in the field of desalination.
In carrying out the provisions of this section, the President may enter into contracts with public or private agencies and with any person without regard to section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31 and section 5 of title 41.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as intending to deprive the owner of any background patent or any right which such owner may have under that patent.
Motor vehicle safety – 49 U.S.C. § 30168 : Research, testing, development, and training
(a) General Authority. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct research, testing, development, and training necessary to carry out this chapter . . .
(e) Availability of Information, Patents, and Developments. –
When the United States Government makes more than a minimal contribution to a research or development activity under this chapter, the Secretary shall include in the arrangement for the activity a provision to ensure that all information, patents, and developments related to the activity are available to the public. However, the owner of a background patent may not be deprived of a right under the patent.
Consumer product safety – 15 USC § 2054: Product safety information and research
c) Grants and contracts for conduct of functions
In carrying out its functions under this section, the Commission may make grants or enter into contracts for the conduct of such functions with any person (including a governmental entity).
(d) Availability to public of information
Whenever the Federal contribution for any information, research, or development activity authorized by this chapter is more than minimal, the Commission shall include in any contract, grant, or other arrangement for such activity, provisions effective to insure that the rights to all information, uses, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from that activity will be made available to the public without charge on a nonexclusive basis. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to deprive any person of any right which he may have had, prior to entering into any arrangement referred to in this subsection, to any patent, patent application, or invention.
Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development 42 USC 5908: Patents and inventions
There are more than 1,400 words in the substantive provisions regarding patenting of nonnuclear energy research.
Fire prevention and control – 15 U.S.C. § 2218 : Administrative provisions
(d) Inventions and discoveries
All property rights with respect to inventions and discoveries, which are made in the course of or under contract with any government agency pursuant to this chapter, shall be subject to the basic policies set forth in the President’s Statement of Government Patent Policy issued August 23, 1971, or such revisions of that statement of the policy as may subsequently be promulgated and published in the Federal Register.
Solid waste disposal, Research, development, demonstration, and information – 42 U.S.C. § 6981 : Research, demonstration, training, and other activities
(3) Any invention made or conceived in the course of, or under, any contract under this chapter shall be subject to section 9 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 [42 U.S.C. 5908] to the same extent and in the same manner as inventions made or conceived in the course of contracts under such Act [42 U.S.C. 5901 et seq.], except that in applying such section, the Environmental Protection Agency shall be substituted for the Secretary of Energy and the words “solid waste” shall be substituted for the word “energy” where appropriate.
Mine safety and health, Black lung benefits – 30 U.S.C. § 937 : Contracts and grants
(b) Research activities
The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall initiate research within the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and is authorized to make research grants to public and private agencies and organizations and individuals for the purpose of devising simple and effective tests to measure, detect, and treat respiratory and pulmonary impairments in active and inactive coal miners. Any grant made pursuant to this subsection shall be conditioned upon all information, uses, products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from such research being available to the general public, except to the extent of such exceptions and limitations as the Secretary of Health and Human Services may deem necessary in the public interest.
State mining and mineral resources research institutes – 30 U.S.C. § 1226 : Research
(c) Availability of results to public
No research, demonstration, or experiment shall be carried out under this subchapter by an institute financed by grants under this subchapter, unless all uses, products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting therefrom, with such exception or limitation, if any, as the Secretary may find necessary in the public interest, are made available promptly to the general public. Patentable inventions shall be governed by the provisions of Public Law 96-517. Nothing contained in this section shall deprive the owner of any background patent relating to any such activities of any rights which that owner may have under that patent.
Mine safety and health – 30 U.S.C. § 951 : US Code – Section 951: Studies and research
(c) . . . No research, demonstrations, or experiments shall be carried out, contracted for, sponsored, cosponsored, or authorized under authority of this chapter, unless all information, uses, products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from such research, demonstrations, or experiments will (with such exception and limitation, if any, as the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Health and Human Services in coordination with the Secretary may find to be necessary in the public interest) be available to the general public.
Solar photovoltaic energy research, development and demonstration – 42 U.S.C. § 5585: Contracts, grants and arrangements
Critical agricultural materials – 7 USC 178J: Laws governing inventions under this subchapter
Relative to the definitions of, title to, and licensing of inventions made or conceived in the course of or under any contractor grant pursuant to this subchapter, and notwithstanding any other provisions of law, the provisions of sections 5908 and 5909 of title 42 shall govern.
Water Research and Development – 42 U.S.C. 7879
Section 7871 TO 7883 Repealed. Pub. L. 98-242, title I, Sec. 110(a), Mar. 22, 1984, 98 Stat. 101
Water Resources Research – 42 USC 10308 Patent Policy
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall be governed by the provisions of sections 5908 (except subsections (l) and (n)) and 5909 of this title with respect to patent policy and to the definition of title to and licensing of inventions madeor conceived in the course of work performed, or under any contract or grant made, pursuant to this chapter. Subject to such patent policy, all research or development contracted for, sponsored, cosponsored, or authorized under authority of this chapter shall be provided in such manner that all information, data, and know-how, regardless of their nature or mediums, resulting from such research and development shall (with such exceptions and limitations, if any, as the Secretary may find to be necessary in the interest of national defense) be usefully available for practice by the general public.